Trans-fatty Acid Content in Food

The content of industrially produced trans-fatty acids is regulated by EU legislation.

Trans-fatty acids are a type of saturated fatty acids with a negative impact on general health if consumed in large quantities. Denmark was the first country in the world to have adopted legislation on the industrial use of trans-fatty acids in foods setting a maximum level on the content in processed foods.

In  2019 EU rules on trans-fatty acids were established in the Regulation (EU) 2019/649 of 24 April 2019 amending Annex III to regulation (EC) No 1925/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards trans-fat, other than trans-fat naturally occurring in fat of animal origin.

The most important aspects of the legislation are:

  • It applies to industrially produced oils and fats that are intended for, or likely to be consumed by, humans either alone or as part of food products.
  • It does not apply to animal fats with a natural content of trans-fatty acids.
  • The content of trans-fatty acids in oils, fats and food products must not exceed 2 grams per 100 grams of oil or fat.

The control of any legislative infringements is carried out by the local authorities under The Danish Veterinary and Food Administration.

Links to legislation